Diabetes and Heart Diseases Linked to Periodontal Disease
It is very easy to take for granted our oral health especially when we brush and floss each day. However, individuals need to be more attentive to their dental health because any changes or abnormalities may actually be indicative of an underlying disease. Gum disease in particular has been linked to a number of diseases from diabetes, heart disease and stroke, chronic kidney disease and preterm birth. The severity of these diseases should serve to encourage individuals to be stricter with their daily dental routine.
According to the American Academy of Periodontology, periodontal disease should be considered as the sixth complication of diabetes. In this case, a diabetic person who suffers from gum disease should notice bleeding gums in a regular basis which is specifically called gingivitis. In normal individuals, gingivitis is reversible and can be treated with regular brushing and flossing. However, diabetic patients are likely to develop advanced periodontal diseases.
The reason for why diabetics are more likely to develop gum diseases has to do with the elevated glucose levels. Gum disease is caused by the accumulation and colonization of bacteria in the gums and surrounding oral tissues. These oral pathogens come from plaque and tartar build-up. These oral pathogens need to nourishment if they are thrive in one’s mouth and a diabetic is able to provide generous amounts of glucose which only encourages bacterial growth.
This correlation could be advantageous to individuals who have not yet been diagnosed of diabetes because the existence of periodontal disease can signal the person to have his glucose blood levels tested. At the same time, a 1997 study has found out that individuals who had their periodontal disease under control also managed their diabetes well.
According to various studies, people who have gum disease are twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease and are susceptible to bacterial endocarditis. Coronary artery disease occurs when fatty deposits that stick to the inner lining of the coronary artery, obstructing the flow of blood and compromising proper heart function. One explanation for this is that bacteria from gums could connect with the plaques and initiate the formation of blood clots.
Another heart disease linked with gum disease is endocarditis or the inflammation of the lining of the heart. During dental treatment, oral pathogens can enter the bloodstream and find its way to the heart. This infection can lead to blood clot formation that may lead to the brain, kidneys, lungs or abdomen.
Your author Elliot is a professional writer and is interested in Dental Marketing Solutions and Dental Office SEO. Take care of your teeth.